In my dissertation, I had identified that an understanding the context of the world that the design is being realised into. This lead me to look at why the Labour Party was formed and what the past achievements where. This is because of the party under Jeremy Corbyn seems to be going back to their roots. If I am going to do some sort of publication this would possibly make up the introduction to the piece. As I believe that the parties direction is going back to its left winged socialist roots and picking up its original core values. And looking the good things that I have taken for granted in the twenty-two years I have been alive on this small island has helped me find why I support the Labour that I see today.
So who is the Labour Party? Why did they come about? What Have they achieved in the time they have been fighting for what they believed in? I think when looking at the Labour Party today it is important to have a basic understanding of the context that the party was created in.
In a response to lack of voice of the working class in Parliament and the large-scale poverty and struggles of this group 1900 saw the birth of the Labour Party in Britain. This saw trade unionists and socialists, united a common goal. The Tories and Liberals ignored the Scotsman party founder Keir Hardie and his colleagues, as they came together to fight for change.
1906 saw the first election for the party where they won 26 seats in Parliament and the party also chose the name Labour in this year. 18 years later saw the first Labour government in our country’s history with Ramsey MacDonald the Party’s first Prime Minister. This parliament may have only held for a few months but it passed important legislation to improve housing, education and social insurance.
In the aftermath of the Second World War Labour won by a landslide. And this Parliament led to the setting up of one of Labours greatest achievements (also the pride and joy of Britain) The National Health Service. The NHS, spearheaded by Health Secretary Nye Bevan, transformed the country. This removed the anxiety of illness from millions of families.
The Labour governments (1964-70 and 1974-79) were ones of great change: the permanent scrapping of the death penalty, decriminalisation of homosexuality, legislation to outlaw racial discrimination, and the creation of the Open University. In 1970 the groundbreaking Equal Pay Act was brought about by Labour’s Barbara Castle, who was Secretary of State for Employment at the time.
Then in 1994, Tony Blair came to be the leader of the party and the party was forced into a totally new direction (New Labour). When he won the race for prime minister in 1997. Yes, there was record investment in the NHS, schools and the police. And most importantly there was the introduction of the National Minimum Wage. But under Tony Blair Britain was brought into a war in Iraq. This illegal war brought to the public that the Labour Party was no longer a socialist party and was leaning to the right. Leading the public to believe false information on weapons of mass destruction. Blair and George Bush raged war on Iraq. This has led him to be one of the most hated prime-misters in living history beaten to the top post by Margaret Thatcher (time will tell for Theresa May).
After the loss of the election of 2015, a change of direction for Labour was set when Jeremy Corbyn won the party’s leadership election by a landslide. His vision is one that takes back to the original values of the party. A vision of change, renewal, and a robust anti-austerity agenda, an outsider. This gained a new interest in the party as it tripled in size with new members inspired to join a mass movement for change and the work began on a new transformative policy agenda that takes on the powerful few on behalf of the many.
Last year saw a snap election. The Conservatives expected to gain seats as they wished to create a “Strong and Stable” government with a larger majority. But instead, they lost a majority as they had underestimated how much Jeremy Corbyn was able to inspire people and gain brand new voters from the most overlooked group of voters the 18 to 25-year-olds (who were known for not voting and being disinterested in politics). This was through a message of hope, ‘For The Many, Not The Few’.
This message will be what is explored throughout this publication. How a party has connected with young people and what they care about? What stances does Labour take on what is important to young people today? As I think that this is what has really captured the passion of 18 to 25-year-olds. I have talked to a number of people and asked them what they hold important in their values and will look at Labours stances on these issues.
This will lead me to ask people what they hold important in their lives and what makes them angry in terms of politics and by looking at the Labour Manifesto from the 2017 election and make connections.
The Labour Party. (2018). The Labour Party. [online] Available at: https://labour.org.uk [Accessed 9 Mar. 2018].
YOUNG, L. (2018). RISE. [S.l.]: SIMON & SCHUSTER LTD.